Medical Terminology II: A Focus on Human Disease (Self-Paced Tutorial)

Overview

Learn medical terminology related to all 11 of the body’s organ systems, with an emphasis on human disease, diagnostic procedures, and treatment techniques.

Details

This Medical Terminology course will be helpful for any career that uses medical terminology such as medical coding, health information technology, medical transcription, working as a health care professional, or working in the administrative side of health care.

This course will help prepare you for jobs related to health care by teaching you the language of medicine, including an overview of how the different organ systems function, information about many different medical disorders, and information about diagnostic and treatment procedures. As a result, this course will help prepare you for related college courses and for certification or admissions exams that expect you to have an understanding of medical terminology. For example, this course will help prepare you for the certification exam for medical coders and for the HESI exam which is often required for admission into nursing schools.

Requirements

Hardware Requirements:

  • This course can be taken on either a PC or Mac device.

Software Requirements:

  • PC: Windows 8 or newer.
  • Mac: OS X Snow Leopard 10.6 or later.
  • Browser: The latest version of Google Chrome or Mozilla Firefox are preferred. Microsoft Edge and Safari are also compatible.
  • Adobe Acrobat Reader.
  • Software must be installed and fully operational before the course begins.

Other:

  • Email capabilities and access to a personal email account.

Course Outline

1 The Cardiovascular System

You will start off this course with medical terminology related to the cardiovascular system. You will begin by reviewing the major functions and organs of the cardiovascular system, and you will gain a solid grasp of the terminology related to this system's organs. You will then move on to a discussion of terminology related to disorders, diagnoses, and treatments related to this essential organ system.

2 The Lymphatic System, Immunity, and Cancer

This lesson will cover medical terminology related to the lymphatic system, immunity, and cancer. You will start out by covering the basic functions and organs of the lymphatic system, and you will learn strategies your body uses to keep you well. You will also discuss the relationship between the immune system and cancer. You will go on to discuss terminology related to specific disorders, diagnostic procedures, and treatment of the organs of the lymphatic system, immunological disorders, and cancer.

3 The Respiratory System

In this lesson, you will learn the names and functions of the organs of both the upper and lower tracts of the respiratory system. You will discover this organ system's crucial role in getting oxygen to your tissues and removing carbon dioxide from your body, and you will review a few of its other functions as well. You will then learn terminology related to specific disorders of the respiratory system, diagnostic procedures, and treatment.

4 The Nervous System

This lesson explores terminology related to the functions, structures, and disorders of the nervous system. You will learn that this system contains two divisions: the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system. You will then learn terminology related to disorders of both these divisions of the nervous system, as well as diagnostic procedures and treatment.

5 The Endocrine System

The endocrine system consists of glands that secrete substances (called hormones) into the bloodstream. From there, hormones travel to target cells-cells that will be affected by particular hormones. Disorders of this system commonly occur and can cause people significant problems. This lesson will cover terminology related to the glands and hormones of this system, some of its disorders, diagnostic procedures, and treatment.

6 The Skeletal System

The skeletal system plays a number of important roles in the function of the human body, including movement, protection, blood cell production, support, and mineral and fat storage. Its structures often experience injuries and disease. In this lesson, you will go over terminology related to the skeletal system's structures, as well as disorders, diagnostic procedures, and treatment of the bones, joints, and spine.

7 The Muscular System

The muscular system consists of muscle tissue, the fascia that surrounds muscles, and the tendons that attach muscles to bones. With over 600 muscles in the human body, disorders of this organ system are fairly common. This lesson will cover terminology related to problems with this organ system, diagnostic procedures, and several types of treatment.

8 The Integumentary System

The integumentary system includes the largest single organ in your body—your skin, as well as sebaceous and sweat glands, hair, and nails. People often suffer from disorders of this organ system, and this lesson covers terminology related to a number of them. You will learn terminology related to disorders of both the skin and its accessory organs, as well as diagnostic procedures and treatment.

9 The Urinary System

One of your organ systems works hard to keep your blood from poisoning you by removing dangerous waste products and putting them into urine-the urinary system. This system contains just four different organs, but its proper function is essential to your health. In this lesson, you will learn medical terminology related to a number of disorders of the urinary system, their diagnoses, and treatment.

10 The Digestive System

The digestive system contains more organs that any other organ system. Some of those organs make up a passageway, called the alimentary canal, which allows food to pass from your mouth, down into your stomach, through your intestines, and then leave your body. Other organs, called accessory organs, secrete substances that help break down the food and liquids you ingest into molecules that your body can use. This lesson covers terminology related to diseases of the digestive system's organs in this lesson, as well as terminology related to both diagnostic and treatment procedures.

11 The Male Reproductive System

The male reproductive system is made up of both external and internal reproductive organs. In this lesson, you will briefly review the functions of the male reproductive system as well as the organs that make up this system. The lesson then covers terminology related to disorders of both the external and internal male reproductive organs, diagnostic procedures, and treatment options.

12 The Female Reproductive System

You will begin this lesson with a brief overview of the organs of the female reproductive systems and their functions. You will also go over medical terminology related to disorders of the organs of this system, as well as disorders related to the menstrual cycle and pregnancy. You will then learn terminology related to diagnosing disorders of this system and a number of different treatments.